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Archaeology

the enormous Archaeological heritage of Campania

Pompeii is one of the most significant examples of Roman civilization and looks like a great open book of art, customs, trades on the daily life of the past. The city has re-emerged from the darkness of the centuries as it was at the time when it was suddenly covered by a thick layer of ash spills, along with the lava, by the eruption of Vesuvius. It was AD 79. The tragedy was immense: in what had been one of the busiest and most beautiful towns of Roman life stopped forever. The thick layer of material that the underwater eruption, consisting largely of ash and lapilli - hard material not unlike that which covered Herculaneum and solidifies into hard rock - that has allowed the City reached complements to this day not only in the architecture, but also in all that was inside the house or inside the shops, offering a picture of the daily 'incredibly fascinating. The city dug up is therefore a unique historical record of Roman civilization: the memories of the past, so alive and tangible in the remains unearthed, are the charm today. The last eruption of Vesuvio occurred in March 1944.

http://www.pompeiisites.org/

Herculaneum

The town of Herculaneum, though less large than the nearby Pompeii, still represents a very attractive tourist destination because of its excavations, which uncovered a portion of the city in an excellent state of preservation, where you can still admire the architecture and decoration of the time. In fact, like Pompeii, Herculaneum also, then a nice town near Naples, was buried by the impressive eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD occurred and, because of the more than ten meters of lava that have covered for centuries, has preserved in an excellent manner of its buildings and objects of the period brought to light after about 1710, when the first excavations began. The old houses of Herculaneum have a very noble character, majestically decorated, often intended to nobles and upper classes are characterized by extensive gardens, atriums, fountains, from arcades, terraces, tanks to collect rainwater (impluvium), with splendid peristyle columns and pillars. Please note that many houses are in part still to be excavated, but is still evidence of an urban very smooth. The Villa of the Papyri, famous suburban villa which features an atrium preceded by arcades and wall decor inside has a rich set of sculptures in bronze and marble, it is considered a "true wealth of works of art."

Castellammare di Stabia

Castellammare di Stabia was the resort of Roman nobles. A magnificent panorama opens up to the modern visitor and is the same as the lucky residents of these dwellings could enjoy. A luxury provided largely by nature: a view of Mount Vesuvius and the sea. Here, where the noble families spent their leisure, including meditation and relaxation, all reflect the joy of living: the floors are marble slabs where the old yellow glows like red and blue, the spectacular nymphs, the gardens. Of the six villas located on the plateau of Varano at Stabia. Three villas can be visited: Villa San Marco, Villa Arianna and the second complex, with the support of cultural guides. This visit is also part of our Sustainable project in Castellammare di Stabia.

Velia

Velia was an important cultural center of antiquity, to the point giving rise to a famous school of philosophy, the Eleatic school, which belonged to Parmenides, Zeno and Melisso Samos. In the Roman period the city also hosts a flourishing medical school. Truly impressive is walking in the ancient agora where great philosophers have expressed and developed their theories and where it was rooted in the ancient habit of going "the center" to meet someone by chance or by appointment tacit, to exchange some talk, a custom still This city in southern real treasure of these excavations is the gateway to Rosa, the only example of greek arch of the fourth century. The Acropolis of Velia preserves the ancient theater and the base of the ancient temple which was built on an ancient medieval fortress dating between the tenth and eleventh centuries AD. This fort was the center of an ancient medieval town, inhabited only point of the tissue which had since been abandoned. The citadel also included the church of Santa Maria del 950 AD which currently exhibited artifacts found during excavations.

Baia, la Città sommersa (the sunken city

In the sea of Campi Flegrei rests an ancient submerged city with its wonderful villas, wide streets and beautiful ornaments. The sunken city by the Bay is located a few kilometers from the coast, it really is impressive to note how the city is clearly visible, such as jars and pots are left in place after so many centuries. Over the years there have been many divers who have seen fit to decorate their homes with items stolen from the Sunken City, but that despite the backdrop of the Bay is still very rich. With a glass-bottomed boat, visit the Sunken City to see the ancient remains, but for those who are a bit 'more experienced, you can do real scuba diving in the middle of the past. The Sunken City by the Bay is a sight not to be missed for those who come to visit the Campi Flegrei.

Sybil's Cave

The Sybil's Cave is located in the archaeological area of Cuma, near Pozzuoli (NA), has a structure dating from the sixth century Greek. B.C. formed by a tunnel 131 m long, 2.4 wide and 5 high with six lateral tunnels. Culminates at the bottom with a rectangular room with three tanks. The legend says that the Sibyl Cumana ran through this gallery to wash water tank that was attended by the god Apollo (the tunnel was under the temple of Apollo), so possessed by the god wrote the Sibylline Books, books on the history of prophetic world. Cuma is famous for its so-called Sybil's Cave, mentioned in some verses of the Aeneid by Virgil, who read an inscription carved on the side of the entrance, in memory of the prophecy that the Sibyl was expressed here to Aeneas before he descended agl 'Underworld to meet the shadow of his father Anchises. This award (now considered erroneous) is Maiuri, who discovered the cave in 1932 is actually a long tunnel dug into the rock for military purposes. Acropolis of Cuma remain the Greek walls, the end of the fifth century. BC, following reconstruction in the Samnite period and until the Roman era triumviral. Within the urban area are the remains of the Temple of Apollo, the Temple of Jupiter, the Roman crypt, the remains of a grandiose building of imperial spa, amphitheater and the Forum, recently explored. There are also many graves of Greek and Roman citizens.

Accommodations in this area:

Hotel Diana - Pompei